Gum disease is caused by the build up of dental plaque bacteria and dental calculus, which leads to inflammation of the gingival tissue, leading finally to periodontal destruction and bone loss, and ultimately loss of tooth. Gum disease is common in individuals with poor diet, poor oral hygiene and medically compramissed condition like diabetics, which can fasten the periodontal tissue destruction along with dental plaque. Habits such as smoking, drinking or taking drugs can faster the gum problems. Gum disease can be referred to as life style disease. ORAL PROPHYLAXIS IS BY A DENTIST OR HYGENIEST It is the cleaning of teeth by a dentist of dental hygienist, which includes the removed of dental plaque, calculus and stains. It is a preventive means by the dentist or hygienist to control the gum inflation. This procedure can be done once in six months. Oral prophylaxis for medically compromised patients with especially heart valve defects is done under antibiotic coverage.ORAL PROPHYLAXIS BY PATIENT Plaque control – Tooth brushing Mechanical dental cleaning using a tooth brush is the most dependable mode of oral prophylaxis by the individual. The ideal brushing technique is hold the brush in a 45 degree angle to the gingival margin and apply slight back and forth motion.
Individuals who brush vigorously can end up in causing gum recession and wedge out area along the gingival margins of tooth, ideally the brushes should be changed once in three months.
Dental floss – It is used to remove food debris between tooth, and it is ideally good to use dental floss right time, before brushing. Inter-dental brush – periodontal problems with bone loss can end up in tooth loss, where inter-dental brushes is used to remove the food debris between the tooth, an oral dental irrigator will also serve the same purpose. To maintain healthy gums.
- Brush twice a day for two minutes with a fluoridated tooth paste.
- Use a soft brush, don’t brush vigorously, change the brush once in three months.
- Floss once a day.
- Visit a dentist and have a check up once in six months.